This study on teacher and health worker absenteeism was carried out with the following objectives: 1. Document the extent of the problem of provider absence in a range of jurisdictions (districts, states, countries) at different levels of development and with different institutional structures. 2. Characterize provider absence: How much is the problem concentrated among particular individuals, facilities (e.g., clinics and primary schools), regions (e.g., rural areas) or sectors (health vs. education). 3. Examine institutional correlates of provider absence across countries, with a special focus on the effects of decentralization, community involvement, salaries, labour institutions, and recruitment and retention policies.
Initial Project Description: Survey of Education and Health Providers, World Bank, Washington DC, USA, 16 pp.