This paper develops an overview of the main currents of thinking about the inequality-conflict debate, with a focus on the link from inequality to conflict. The paper argues for a relational analysis of inequality and conflict, discussing alternative conceptions of such an analysis. Section one examines whether different claims about inequality fit neatly into distinct theories of conflict; and section two assesses the various social science claims about the links between (chiefly income) inequality and violent political conflict. This paper was presented at 'Conflict Prevention and Peaceful Development: Policies to Reduce Inequality and Exclusion', a CRISE policy conference held on July 9-10, 2007 at Queen Elizabeth House, Oxford.
Identities, Conflict and Cohesion Programme Paper Number 11, UNRISD, 34 pp.