Objective: To explore the equity implications of insecticide-treated nets (ITN) distribution programmes that are based on user charges.Methods: A questionnaire was used to collect information on previous purchase of untreated nets and hypothetical willingness to pay (WTP) for ITNs from a random sample of householders. A second survey was conducted one month later to collect information on actual purchases of ITNs. An economic status index was used for characterizing inequity.
Major findings: The lower economic status quintiles were less likely to have previously purchased untreated nets and also had a lower hypothetical and actual WTP for ITNs if they are to ensure equity in access to the nets. This could form part of the overall poverty reduction strategy.
Malaria Journal (2004) 3 (6) [doi:10.1186/1475-2875-3-6]