Impacts of the LEAP Programme on Community Dynamics in Ghana
The Livelihood Empowerment Against Poverty (LEAP) Programme provides cash transfers to extremely poor households with the goal of alleviating short-term poverty and encouraging long-term human capital development. LEAP eligibility is based on poverty and having a household member in at least one of three demographic categories: having orphans or vulnerable children, elderly poor, or person with extreme disability unable to work. A unique feature of LEAP is that beneficiaries are also provided free health insurance through the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS).
This brief is based on data collected during qualitative fieldwork in April 2012, which was part of a two-year quasi experimental evaluation of the LEAP programme. A sampling strategy based on regional characteristics and community market integration followed a four stage process, including selection of provinces, districts, locations and sub-locations. The sampled districts were Komenda in Central Region and Tolon Kumbungu in Northern Region. The study was carried out with focus groups and in-depth key informant interviews using participatory methods. A range of selected tools was employed, including social mapping and livelihood analysis, institutional analysis (Venn diagrams) and household income and expenditure analysis. Household case studies were also conducted.
FAO. Impacts of the LEAP Programme on Community Dynamics in Ghana. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy (2013) 2 pp.