Like other highly contagious livestock diseases, HPAI affects poultry production via three main pathways: (1) through the direct impact of disease-related morbidity and mortality, and the costs associated with ex-ante risk mitigation and / or ex-post coping measures that affect the incomes of producers and other stakeholders connected to poultry production and marketing; (2) through government interventions aimed at disease control, which include culling, marketing and movement restrictions, and investment in animal health infrastructure and disease preparedness; and (3) through consumer and market reactions, both domestic and international, affecting demand for poultry and poultry products and their substitutes, and thus prices of products and production inputs. This brief is based on a review of available evidence on HPAI impacts for the three pathways in the published as well as in the grey literature.
HPAI Research Brief No. 12, 2009. 4 pp.