This review looks at the evidence in the literature of the relationship
between roads and their security impact and effects on service delivery
(such as access to health and education services). Particular attention
is given to evidence from fragile and/or sparsely populated and
ill-served rural areas.
No direct evidence relating to the security impact of road
infrastructure was found in the literature. Theoretical linkages of
infrastructure development, including transport infrastructure are
discussed in several studies. There are various direct and indirect
channels through which transport infrastructure may affect security and
peace building, including as an engine of economic recovery and improved
service provision, as part of a process of strengthening institutions,
and in stabilisation and peace-building.
The literature on poverty and isolation defines three channels through
which road access contributes to reduce poverty: access to inputs and
output markets, access to education and health services and access to
An annotated bibliography presenting relevant literature is provided. It
distinguishes literature which presents evidence on security impact or
service delivery impact. Studies not directly relevant but addressing
other important themes in the literature i.e. the impact of
infrastructure on gender and the effect of rural road access on poverty
are also presented.
Fahat, M.; Hayes, J. Impact of roads on security and service delivery. EPS PEAKS, UK (2013) 29 pp.