Immunogenicity and safety of a meningococcal A conjugate vaccine in Africans

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Group A meningococci are the source of major epidemics of meningitis in Africa. An affordable, highly immunogenic meningococcal A conjugate vaccine is needed. METHODS: We conducted two studies in Africa to evaluate a new MenA conjugate vaccine (PsA-TT). In study A, 601 children [in Mali and Gambia] 12 to 23 months of age, were randomly assigned to receive PsA-TT, a quadrivalent polysaccharide reference vaccine (PsACWY), or a control vaccine (Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine [Hib-TT]). Ten months later, these children underwent another round of randomization within each group to receive a full dose of PsA-TT, a one-fifth dose of PsACWY, or a full dose of Hib-TT, with 589 of the original participants receiving a booster dose. In study B, 900 subjects between 2 and 29 years of age [in Mali, Gambia and Senegal] were randomly assigned to receive PsA-TT or PsACWY. Safety and reactogenicity were evaluated, and immunogenicity was assessed by measuring the activity of group A serum bactericidal antibody (SBA) with rabbit complement and performing an IgG group A-specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: In study A, 96.0% of the subjects in the PsA-TT group and 63.7% of those in the PsACWY group had SBA titers that were at least four times as high as those at baseline; in study B, 78.2% of the subjects in the PsA-TT group and 46.2% of those in the PsACWY group had SBA titers that were at least four times as high as those at baseline. The geometric mean SBA titers in the PsA-TT groups in studies A and B were greater by factors of 16 and 3, respectively, than they were in the PsACWY groups (P

Citation

Sow, S. O.; Okoko, B. J.; Diallo, A.; Viviani, S.; Borrow, R.; et al. Immunogenicity and Safety of a Meningococcal A Conjugate Vaccine in Africans. New England Journal of Medicine (2011) 364 (24) 2293-2304. [DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1003812]

Immunogenicity and safety of a meningococcal A conjugate vaccine in Africans

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