This chapter makes the case for 'hybrid activism', seen as a hybrid between local and global action. The cases from the Brazilian environmental movement show how hybrid identities, meanings and trajectories of mobilization are built through two mechanisms identified in Tilly’s (2005) discussion of inequality. ‘Emulation’ takes place when local actors ‘reproduce organizational modes already operating elsewhere, importing configurations’, while ‘adaptation’ happens when local actors use existing models, but also invent procedures.
Owing to copyright restrictions, only the first 3 pages are attached, together with a link to the book at Zed Books.
Alonso, A. Hybrid activism: paths of globalization in the Brazilian environmental movement. In: Globalizing Citizens: New Dynamics of Inclusion and Exclusion. J. Gaventa and R. Tandon (Editors). (2010) ISBN 9781848134713 (Hardback)