How effective are interventions which seek to improve access and quality of civic infrastructure and amenities?

An evidence summary report, and a contextualisation report of findings to Nepal


This Evidence Summary synthesizes evidence from Systematic Reviews (SRs) that have analysed the effectiveness of various interventions to improve access and quality of civic infrastructure services. The following interventions formed the scope of this Evidence Summary: physical infrastructure investments, urban planning interventions, institutional and regulatory reforms, public private partnerships, participation from developmental & multi-lateral agencies, and involvement of community & non-governmental organizations. The sectors considered for this Evidence Summary was: Water, Sanitation, Electricity, Telecom, Roads and public transport. The outcomes considered were: quality and access, in addition to long term impacts such as health, economy, quality of life and social impacts.

There is also a contextualisation report of findings to Nepal

This report was commissioned under the Department for International Development’s Systematic Review Programme for South Asia.


Pilkington G, Panday S, Khatib MN, Kotas E, Hill RA, Simkhada P, Jones L, (2017), The effectiveness of community engagement and participation approaches in low and middle income countries: a review of systematic reviews with particular reference to the countries of South Asia. London: EPPI Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London

Published 1 January 2017