How children living in poor areas of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania perceive their own multiple intelligences

Abstract

This study was carried out with 1,857 poor children from 17 schools, living in low-income areas of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. All children took the ‘Student Multiple Intelligences Profile’ (SMIP) questionnaire as part of a bigger project that gathered data around concepts and beliefs of talent. This paper sets out two aims, first to investigate the structural representation of the self perceived multiple intelligences for this set of children and second to discuss how the best fit model might reflect children’s culture and their school experiences. After carrying out exploratory factor analysis, a four factor first order model was shown to have a good fit. A higher order factor solution was investigated owing to the correlation of two latent constructs. In order to provide some insight into the multiple intelligences construct the relationship between the SMIP items, student test outcomes and attitudes to learning were examined. The item groupings were explored through African cultural beliefs around intelligences indigenous to African communities.

Citation

Dixon, P.; Humble, S.; Chan, D.W. How children living in poor areas of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania perceive their own multiple intelligences. Oxford Review of Education (2016) 42 (2) 230-248. [DOI: 10.1080/03054985.2016.1159955]

How children living in poor areas of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania perceive their own multiple intelligences

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