This is the first in a series of technical briefs prepared by the Global
Panel on Agriculture and Food Systems for Nutrition to disseminate
information useful to inform policy, programme and investment to benefit
nutrition, particularly among vulnerable mothers and children. It shows
the breadth of policies relating to agriculture and food systems that
influence nutritional outcomes for people and the opportunities to make
these more nutrition - enhancing.
The traditional view that improving agricultural productivity will
improve nutritional security is no longer tenable. Nor can
nutrition-specific interventions or social protection programmes provide
long term and sustainable nutrition for those most in need. More food is
needed, and these specific interventions can help, but much more needs
to be done to ensure that countries have agriculture and food systems
that support a food environment that delivers healthy, diverse diets and
supports nutrition outcomes.
The food environment from which consumers should be able to create
healthy diets is influenced by four domains of economic activity:
- agricultural production
- markets and trade systems
- consumer purchasing power
- food transformation and consumer demand
In each of these domains, there are a range of policies that can have
enormous influence on the nutritional outcomes. In this technical brief,
we explain how these policies can influence nutrition, positively and
negatively. We make an argument for an integrated approach, drawing on
policies from across these domains, and the need for more empirical
evidence to identify successful approaches.
Global Panel on Agriculture and Food Systems for Nutrition. How can agriculture and food system policies improve nutrition? Technical Brief, November 2014. Global Panel on Agriculture and Food Systems for Nutrition, London, UK (2014) 19 pp.