Although poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon, it is often linked to
(not) having access to adequate food and nutrition, which has
repercussions on household members' health and their capacity to work.
Food of animal origin, even in small amounts, plays an important role in
improving the nutritional status of low income households by addressing
micro and macro nutrient deficiencies. This paper investigates household
consumption patterns of animal source food products, which include milk,
eggs, meat and fish, and aims to corroborate theoretical expectations
with empirical findings.
Three countries were selected for the study, namely Uganda, Vietnam and
Peru. The paper investigates the proportion of household budget spent on
livestock products and its variation across urban and rural areas,
income quintiles and across countries. In the first step of the analysis
the countries were analyzed individually and in a second step the
findings were compared across countries and tested econometrically.
The empirical analysis confirms theoretical expectations, for example
that although rural and poorer households use a larger share of their
household budget for food consumption, they consistently consume smaller
amounts of livestock products. For livestock products the study findings
are maintained by area location, within each country and across
countries while trends in fish consumption are not as clear as those for
livestock products and tend to be country specific.
A 3-page executive summary is available as well as the full paper.
PPLPI, FAO, Rome, Italy, vi+30 pp.