Violent conflict in multiethnic societies in the developing world is a pre-eminent problem of the twenty-first century. Drawing on original quantitative and qualitative research, this book shows that horizontal inequalities among religious or ethnic groups, in political, social, economic or cultural dimensions, are an important catalyst of such conflicts. The contributors identify policies to reduce horizontal inequalities and argue that such policies should now be routinely incorporated into the development agenda.
Providing a major contribution to current debates on the prevention of conflict, this book will interest all those concerned with policy in multiethnic societies.
PART ONE: CONCEPTS AND ISSUES
Horizontal Inequalities and Conflict: An Introduction and Some Hypotheses; F.Stewart
Who Should be Included? Noncitizens, Conflict and the Constitution of the Citizenry; M.Gibney
Cultural Status Inequalities: An Important Dimension of Group Mobilization; A.Langer & G.K.Brown
Horizontal Inequalities: Explaining Persistence and Change; F.Stewart & A.Langer
PART TWO: MEASUREMENT AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS
Approaches to the Measurement of Horizontal Inequalities; L.Mancini, F.Stewart & G.K.Brown
Horizontal Inequality and Communal Violence: Evidence from Indonesian Districts; L.Mancini
Inequalities, the Political Environment and Civil Conflict: Evidence from 55 Developing Countries; G.Østby
PART THREE: HIS AND CONFLICT IN THREE REGIONS
When Do Horizontal Inequalities Lead to Conflict? Lessons from a Comparative Study of Ghana and Cote d'Ivoire; A.Langer
Horizontal Inequalities and Ethnic Violence: Evidence from Calabar and Warri, Nigeria; U.Ukiwo
Ethnicity, Religion and the State in Ghana and Nigeria: Perceptions from the Street; A. Langer & U.Ukiwo
Inequality, Ethnicity and Political Violence in Latin America: The Cases of Bolivia, Guatemala and Peru; C.Caumartin, G.Gray Molina & R.Thorp
Horizontal Inequalities and Separatism in Southeast Asia: A Comparative Perspective; G.K.Brown
PART FOUR: CONCLUSIONS AND POLICIES
Major Findings and Conclusions on the Relationship Between Horizontal Inequalities and Conflict; F.Stewart, G.K.Brown & A.Langer
Policies towards Horizontal Inequalities; F.Stewart, G.K.Brown & A.Langer
Palgrave Macmillan, ISBN 9780230516809, 392 pp.