This note introduces a research project based in the University of Oxford and working with partners in eight countries, and the workshop associated with the project. The countries are, in Africa, Ghana, Nigeria and the Ivory Coast; in Asia, Malaysia and Indonesia, and in Latin America, Bolivia, Guatemala and Peru. The note first describes briefly the conceptual thinking shaping the project across the eight countries. Second, it explains why we think horizontal inequalities matter, and problems of meaurement. Third, it presents a brief review of our general findings and of policies that have worked across the world in different contexts. Fourth, it discusses the complexity of policy in this area. Fifth, it offers a brief summary of our specific findings for Peru. This paper was presented at 'Conflict Prevention and Peaceful Development: Policies to Reduce Inequality and Exclusion', a CRISE policy conference held on July 9-10, 2007 at Queen Elizabeth House, Oxford.
Centre for Research on Inequality, Human Security and Ethnicity. Horizontal Inequalities and Conflict in Bolivia, Guatemala and Peru: What can policy do? (2007) CRISE Latin America Policy Briefing, 16 pp.