The role of horizontal inequalities (HIs) in causing conflict, and policies that would contribute to reducing HIs and thereby reducing the likelihood of conflict are discussed. The significance of the problem of conflict between identity groups, within and across nations is first indicated; Section 3 discusses the complex issue of how groups, which potentially provide the basis for conflict, are formed and mobilized; Section 4 defines HIs in more detail and explains why they may lead to violent group mobilization, drawing on the example of South Africa ; Section 5 develops the main hypotheses on the relationship between HIs and conflict. This paper was presented at 'Conflict Prevention and Peaceful Development: Policies to Reduce Inequality and Exclusion', a CRISE policy conference held on July 9-10, 2007 at Queen Elizabeth House, Oxford.
Stewart, F.; Brown, G.; Langer, A. Horizontal inequalities: an introduction and some hypotheses. (2007) 33 pp.