Life on a floodplain is often precarious. But flooding, particularly in countries like Bangladesh becomes a way of life for the rural poor, who rely on the floodplains for their livelihoods. These people have adapted to the seasonal relationship between land and water and the majority are not just rice farmers or fishers but will be both. However, in recent years, introduction of policies favouring one use of the resource over another is leading to conflict of interests over the control of the sluice gates for managing the seasonal inundation of the floodplain. This paper discusses how these conflicts can be resolved in a manner that allows the different local resource user groups to work out their differences.