In the light of an article published elsewhere in the same issue of the journal (Katz, I. and Low-Beer, D.: Why Has HIV Stabilized in South Africa, Yet Not Declined Further? Age and Sexual Behavior Patterns Among Youth. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (2008) 35 (10) 837-842; doi:10.1097/OLQ.0b013e31817c0be5) and other published literature, this editorial discusses the surprising fact that measures of sexual behaviour indicate that levels of risky behaviour among young people in South Africa are not particularly high compared with other countries, but HIV rates remain very high. It is suggested that other factors must be partly responsible for the size of the epidemic, and the consequences for prevention strategies are discussed.
Pettifor, A.; MacPhail, C.; Rees, H.; Cohen, M. HIV and Sexual Behavior Among Young People: The South African Paradox. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (2008) 35 (10) 843-844. [DOI: 10.1097/OLQ.0b013e31818318c0]