Gross enrolment in higher education rose from 8.4% in 2008 to 12.2% in
2012, placing Ghana on a par with the wider African continent (11.6%)
but below the average of lower-middle-income countries (22.9%).
The country’s higher education landscape is diversifying as a number of
international institutions set up in Ghana. India’s Sikkim Manipal
University, which established a campus in Accra in 2008, is one example.
These, and other organisations such as the African Institute for
Mathematical Sciences Ghana, are promoting co-operation across the
African continent and beyond.
A number of bottlenecks remain in Ghana’s higher education landscape.
Improving existing quality assurance mechanisms and expanding overall
access to tertiary education are key challenges. Moreover, funding
mechanisms for higher education institutions could provide incentives
that foster continuous improvement and innovation.
The expansion of higher education in Ghana presents a number of
opportunities for improvement. These include further expansion of
distance learning, which is already making strong inroads in Ghana, and
online learning, which will have a better platform for growth as the
country’s energy and telecommunications infrastructure strengthens.
Growth in graduate numbers is outpacing growth of employment
opportunities. To absorb the country’s graduates, Ghana must continue to
diversify its economy, while higher education institutions must work
towards developing curricula that meet the requirements of the labour
Guerrero, C. Higher education case studies - Ghana. Economist Intelligence Unit, London, UK (2014) 20 pp.
Higher education case studies - Ghana