The EFA Global Monitoring Report for 2011 focuses on education in emergencies and recognises the importance of psycho-social interventions in addressing the negative effects of conflict, including depression, trauma, shame and withdrawal, that have devastating consequences for learning.
Schools can be good places for psycho-social programmes because they can access many children, as well as draw on existing resources and because schools supposedly offer a stigma free environment. Studies demonstrate improvements that could impact on educational outcomes indirectly, through, for example reduced anxiety, a sense of structure and meaning in the individual's life, improved self-esteem and improved relationship with teachers.
Bell, E. Helpdesk Report: Psycho-Social Activities in Education in Emergencies. Human Development Resource Centre, UK (2011) 21 pp.