Helpdesk Report: Education and Fertility in India



What evidence exists that draws links between secondary education (reproductive/child health/female empowerment) and reduced fertility in India, and more broadly in Bangladesh / Asia?


Reviews of regional and global studies suggest that there is little or conflicting evidence that there is a systematic relationship between basic education and reduced fertility. However, there is a significant correlation between secondary education for women and a reduced fertility rate. Steep fertility decline often occurs when a woman has had 7 or more years of education. In studies specific to India, female education has a negative and significant effect on the fertility rate, but there are complex routes to India's demographic transition.


Smith, R. Helpdesk Report: Education and Fertility in India. Human Development Resource Centre, UK (2010) 13 pp.

Helpdesk Report: Education and Fertility in India

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