Health worker attraction, retention and performance are arguably the most critical factors affecting the performance of a health system. In post-conflict settings, where health systems and health worker livelihoods have been disrupted, the challenges facing the establishment of the right incentive environment are particularly important, and the contextual dynamics around them especially important to understand and incorporate sensitively into policy measures.
This paper aims to identify research gaps in relation to health worker incentives in post-conflict contexts. It was conducted as a background review for a ReBUILD research project on this topic. It starts with a discussion of key definitions. It then draws on a literature review to highlight what is known about health worker incentives in post-conflict areas. Based on this, a framework for future research is developed and discussed.
Witter, S.; Tulloch, O.; Martineau, T. Health workers&#8217; incentives in post-conflict settings &#8211; a review of the literature and framework for research. (2012) [ReBUILD Research Report No. 2]