In many places, the creation of small reservoirs in Burkina Faso has resulted in increased household income through productive agricultural activities upstream and downstream of the reservoir. However, in almost all cases no preventive measures have been taken to ensure that the small reservoirs do not have adverse environmental and health impacts. The water-related diseases most directly linked to the construction of small reservoirs are schistosomiasis and malaria, though emerging pathogens such as cyanobacteria are expected to present major health risks in the near future.
Boelee, E.; Cecchi, P.; Kone, A. Health impacts of small reservoirs in Burkina Faso. International Water Management Institute, Colombo, Sri Lanka (2009) 50 pp. ISBN 978-92-9090-717-6 [DOI: 10.3910/2009.202] IWMI Working Paper 136