There are two main uses for estimates of road crash costing in developing countries:
resource allocation at a national level to ensure road safety is ranked equitably in terms of investment in the improvement of road safety.
to ensure the best use is made of any investment through economic appraisal and cost benefit analysis.
Following on from a scoping study, an improved methodology for road crash costing in developing countries was investigated in project R7780. Four case studies were conducted in Bangladesh, Ghana, India (Bangalore) and South Africa to test and apply preferred methods.
The project culminated in the production of guidelines, which are intended to be a useful aid to those undertaking a crash costing exercise in a developing country, perhaps for the first time. It also highlights a number of key issues, such as the wider effects of crashes on low-income households for decision makers and those more experienced in crash costing.
Ross Silcock - Babtie Group Ltd; TRL. Guidelines for Estimating the Cost of Road Crashes in Developing Countries. (2003)