It is a major urban challenge to introduce not only aquifer protection principles into municipal planning but also to engender a greater ownership of such policies by all users of the urban subsurface in order to make them enforceable. Realistic considerations of enforcement ability make
it vital to involve urban groundwater stakeholders as early as possible in policy development if urban aquifer protection is to stand any chance of success. The project therefore devoted significant resources in each city case-study (in Bishkek, Kyrghyzstan and Narayanganj, Bangladesh) to a consultation exercise with the explicit aim of involving stakeholders in the selection of the policy options in each city's draft groundwater management Action Plan. The exercise closely followed the recommendations for preparing consultation described in the Consultation Process Tool. This section provides guidance for involving groundwater stakeholders: those individuals and institutions who have either a direct or indirect interest in groundwater conditions, and who might be affected by the outcome of the rapid assessment and follow up activities. The guidance consists of:
• Notes on the importance and use of stakeholder participation and stakeholder analysis;
• Recommendations for preparing and carrying out stakeholder consultation and analysis;
• Mobilising stakeholders:
• A checklist of tasks for initiating and supervising the Consultation Process.