This chapter explores an equitable approach to urban development that aims to secure and improve the lives and livelihoods of these particularly vulnerable households and the communities of which they are part. Equity within the development process, in this context, can be achieved through a partnership between the different stakeholders and empowerment of the local community (frequently the weakest stakeholders) to enable its members to engage and participate in a process of urban renewal. The approach is based upon making use of the high land values in the central and strategically located areas of cities to help generate economically viable development
or redevelopment of low-income communities, including housing and space for
employment-generating activities. City centre redevelopment of this kind can
contribute to reduced energy use, building an inclusive society and maintaining the social and economic fabric that keeps urban centres alive, self-sustaining, stimulating and prosperous. The text is based upon the findings of extensive research and fieldwork undertaken in Delhi, Jakarta and Recife between June 1997 and March 2001.