East Africa is emerging as an important horticultural producer and exporter, but with different levels of success in different countries. Kenya has become an established exporter of niche vegetables, mainly to the European Union (EU); other countries, such as Uganda, have struggled to enter this export trade. However, destination markets are shifting, with a rise in South–South trade, including within Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Supermarkets play a key role in horticulture trade with the EU, coordinating sourcing from production through distribution to retail, rather than purchase through remote market agents. Supermarkets are also expanding within newer destination markets, driving the rise of regional value chains within the global South. This paper asks what the implications are of global and regional value chains for upgrading of fresh fruit and vegetable (FFV) producers and workers within Africa, focusing on the rise of supermarkets within Africa?
Evers, B.; Opondo, M.; Barrientos, S.; Krishnan, A.; Amoding, F.; Ndlovu, L. Global and regional supermarkets: implications for producers and workers in Kenyan and Ugandan horticulture. (2014) 49 pp. ISBN 978-1-909336-80-3 [Capturing the Gains Working Paper 2014/39]