Investigations into herpes simplex virus type-2 (HSV-2) as a cofactor of HIV acquisition, transmission and disease progression generated the political will necessary to reform international HSV-2 treatment policy. Playing a pivotal role at both the international level and within the Ghanaian policy context were ‘policy networks’ created either formally (WHO) or informally (Ghana) around the subject area. Within the Ghanaian sexual health policy network, there is often a single individual or ‘policy entrepreneur’ who generates momentum for policy change. Donor influence was cited as the single strongest impetus (or impediment) to policy change in Ghana.
Programme for Research and Capacity Building in Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV in Developing Countries research briefing no. 4, February 2010. 2pp.