This policy brief provides an overview of current thinking on the
gendered impacts of globalisation on employment and the policy
implications of the evidence. It draws on a review of existing
literature conducted by UNRISD (2012).
Globalisation has led to increases in female labour force participation,
reducing the gap between women’s and men’s labour force participation
rates. However this increase has not necessarily translated into gender
equality in pay and status, as women’s entrance in the labour force has
often been on unfavourable terms.
This brief focuses on four key questions:
1. How has globalisation affected the female labour force?
2. What are the constraints to improving labour market outcomes for
3. How does social protection affect women's living standards and
economic security under conditions of globalisation?
4. What are the policy and programme implications?
DFID. Gendered Impacts of Globalization: Employment and Social Protection. DFID, London, UK (2012) 5 pp.