This paper examines how globalisation affects gendered access to
employment and social protection, with a particular focus on informal
employment, and the implications of these connections for policy and
practice. It reviews available evidence on the interconnections between
policies associated with globalisation on the one hand, and gender
structures within labour markets and systems of social protection, on
the other. The paper reports that processes of globalization have
coincided with women's increasing labour force participation,
empowering some. However, it has also coincided with an increase in
informal and unprotected forms of work, and unfavourable working
conditions for many. Structural conditions in global production chains
where women workers are concentrated have made it difficult to see
improvements in wages and working conditions, and significant gender pay
gaps exist. The paper also outlines some evidence on social and economic
policy options to address these challenges.
A 36 pp. overview of the programme paper is also appended.
See also the DFID policy brief based on this
Razavi, S.; Arza, C.; Braunstein, E.; Cook, S.; Goulding, K. Gendered Impacts of Globalization: Employment and Social Protection. UNRISD Gender and Development Programme Papers (2012) No. 16, 101 pp.