What does the literature tell us about different gender roles and opportunities for women in urban environments compared to rural? Highlight when gender roles are perpetuated and when they change with particular attention to factors influencing women’s economic empowerment.
The literature included in this rapid review brings together evidence from urban environments in different regions and contexts. It focuses on various urban issues and their impacts on gender roles, particularly women’s economic empowerment, in comparison to rural settings. This review focusses on access to employment opportunities, care responsibilities, power, decision-making and use of earnings, gender-based violence, and flags other relevant issues as appropriate. The literature included in this review is from academic books, journal articles, and development and implementing agency literature.
Pozarny, P. Gender roles and opportunities for women in urban environments (GSDRC Helpdesk Research Report 1337). Governance and Social Development Resource Centre, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK (2016) 13 pp.