Focus is given here to a description of activities concerning women's
position and the gender initiatives undertaken between the mid 1970s and
1991, firstly by the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (the EPLF)
during its conflict with Ethiopia and secondly by the post-liberation
governments (a transitional government between liberation in May 1991
and 1993, and the current government thereafter, once independence had
This document addresses events to early 2001. In many cases there is
little or no documentation available regarding people's responses to
such actions during the liberation struggle; such information as exists
is set out here, and consideration given to emerging issues of gender
equality in the light of previous and current action by those in power.
The concluding comments point out certain topics remaining to be
addressed by both government and the general population (with its many
interest groups and varying perceptions) if post-liberation policy is
successfully to be translated into practice.
Gender: Eritrean People’s Liberation Front and Eritrean government initiatives