Informal activity dominates the economy of many developing countries
like India and its importance appears to be growing globally as the
formal sector struggles to cope with the economic downturn in western
markets. In India the informal economy is estimated to be responsible
for between 83% and 91% of the labour force, producing around 60% of
The close linkages between environmental health, environmental impact,
poverty and the informal economy are largely ignored by national and
international policy making arenas where until recently the informal
economy had a weak voice. The informal economy, with its close links to
environmental health, is also marginalised from environmental policy.
This research project makes a contribution to the dearth in knowledge.
It gathers data using the rice production supply chain as a case study
and analyses this information in a novel manner. It fits methods
designed to work in the formal sector to the informal economy in order
to provide a type and level of analysis that has not been done before.
The two key methods to be tested are life cycle assessment (LCA) and
supply/value chain analysis (VCA). In this paper the authors provide a
brief overview of each method, followed by an outline of how these
methods are integrated to generate a novel model and method in order
better to understand how the environmental, economic and labour/social
relationships interact along a supply chain.
Gathorne-Hardy, A.; Hema, R. Fusing Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Value Chain Analysis (VCA) in the Informal Economy. (2013) 16 pp.
Fusing Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Value Chain Analysis (VCA) in the Informal Economy