Based on a sample of high value protracted complex emergency humanitarian appeals and responses please provide information on: (i) the factors that contribute to the sums requested and the coverage of appeals; (ii) characteristics of how the appeal sums and their coverage changed over time as the crises evolved.
It is possible to derive some key factors from the available literature:
Needs-based allocation: This is a core principle of humanitarian
assistance. All funders use needs assessments in their original
funding allocations, and many changes to funding are preceded by needs
Tipping points: Most protracted crises receive a steady and/or low
level of funding but experience sudden increases in funding flows if a
particular incident or need rapidly escalates the situation.
Geopolitical concerns: Different crises receive different amounts of
funding depending on their strategic importance to donor countries.
Resilience: There is a general global shift towards more funding for
resilience rather than emergency response in protracted crises. This
can cause funding changes during a crisis, when opportunities to
develop resilience become available.
Media and public interest: A high level of interest usually stimulates
funding, but complex and protracted emergencies rarely draw the
necessary public and media interest.
Sector priority: Certain sectors receive more funding as they are
perceived as life-saving. Some are continually under-funded.
Absorptive capacity: Funders usually work with local implementing
partners and these are only able to absorb and use a certain amount of
Browne, E. Funding appeals for complex humanitarian emergencies (GSDRC Helpdesk Research Report 1105). Governance and Social Development Resource Centre, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK (2014) 9 pp.