Despite most residents of African and Asian cities depending on non-sewered sanitation, only a handful of sanitation authorities have addressed the management of faecal sludge from these systems. This Practice Note describes the launch of a faecal sludge management (FSM) service in the peri-urban area of Kanyama.
Mikhael, G.; Drabble, S. FSM services in Lusaka: moving up the excreta management ladder. WSUP Practice Note. WSUP, (2014) 2 pp.