The history of nutrition policy and implementation in Ethiopia is, so
far, largely a history of dealing with recurrent emergencies. These
crises have historically tended to interact with political change and
disruption (Lautze and Maxwell 2007) and have involved large-scale
intervention by international donors - factors which have led to a
unique interplay of international attention, donor-government
interaction and domestic politics centring around emergency feeding.
Meanwhile, a continuing and complex landscape of long-term malnutrition
underlies these periodic crises, related to food insecurity, lack of
universal coverage and other factors. This report aims to deal with the
latter situation, chronic malnutrition, and the programmes and
structures conceptualised and created to combat it. The report therefore
focuses on stunting and underweight prevalence rather than wasting,
which indicates acute malnutrition. It addresses chronic malnutrition as
separately as possible from food emergencies, which do not involve
preventive work and therefore involve different actors and structures in
The study looks at three main dimensions of nutrition governance:
intersectoral coordination on the part of government, donor and other
high-level bodies; vertical coordination within the country's nutrition
policy and implementation systems, and the modes of funding that are
negotiated through, and used to implement, interventions. It also looks
at how monitoring and data systems may support or undermine these forms
of coordination and organisation.
This research was carried out during 2011 and involved both desk
research, mainly using Ethiopian government documents and other policy
literature, and interviews conducted in Addis Ababa during July 2011,
during which 32 individuals were interviewed from various organisations
relating to the national nutrition strategy and its implementation.
Taylor, L. From food crisis to nutrition: challenges and possibilities in Ethiopia’s nutrition sector. Analysing Nutrition Governance: Ethiopia Country Report. Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, UK (2012) 22 pp.
From food crisis to nutrition: challenges and possibilities in Ethiopia’s nutrition sector. Analysing Nutrition Governance: Ethiopia Country Report