Fresh Perspectives Issue 18. A catalyst for the winners - a barrier for the losers? The case of GlobalGAP in horticultural export from Kenya.
Many sub-Saharan African countries have been diversifying their export portfolios away from primary commodities into non-traditional products like horticultural produce to increase their export earning and reduce poverty levels. Several studies have documented the positive role of the horticultural export sector in meeting these targets. However, there are concerns that the proliferation and enhanced stringency of food-safety standards that are imposed by high-income countries can negatively affect the competitiveness of producers in developing countries and impede actors from entering or even remaining in high-value food markets. In parallel with changes in legal requirements, supermarket chains in Europe have developed prescriptive, production-oriented standards, e.g. the EU Retailers Produce Working Group for Good Agricultural Practices (GlobalGAP formerly known as EurepGAP).
International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK, 2 pp.