The concept of \"food miles\" presents an argument to buy goods which
have travelled the shortest distance from farm to table, and to
discriminate against long-haul transportation, especially air-freighted
goods. The long-distance transport of food is associated with additional
emissions due to increased transportation coupled with greater
packaging, as well as negative impacts on local rural communities, and a
disconnection between the public and local farming. Furthermore, \"food
miles\" encapsulates (and is at the vanguard of) the climate change
debate in the UK. In light of growing international concern over the
speed and scale of climate change, the concept of \"food miles\" has
captured public attention and apparently is changing some consumers'
behaviour, although only around one-third of shoppers know of the
This publication was based on Fresh Insights No. 9, Fair Miles?
Weighing environmental and social impacts of fresh produce exports from
sub-Sharan Africa to the UK.
International Institute for Environment and Development/ Natural Resources Institute, London, UK, 2 pp.
Fresh Perspectives Issue 1. “Fair miles”? The concept of “food miles” through a sustainable development lens