Growing environmental criticisms of air-transportation of fresh fruit and vegetables (FFV) have raised concerns that UK government objectives for 'trade not aid' in sub-Saharan African (SSA) are in danger of being undermined. This study aims to provide baseline information and data relating to the scale and significance of horticulture production and exports from African countries in generating/ exacerbating/ driving environmental factors compared to production in other countries. Methodology is a literature survey and a comparative study of 'food miles'. It ends with potential routes forward regarding research and policy engagement, especially around trade-offs between food miles and fair trade.
International Institute for Environment and Development, London, UK, 28 pp.