The objective of the present study was to assess the performance and
problems of trainees under Batch 2 of the Aquaculture Extension and
Training (AET) component of the Fourth Fisheries Project (FFP), based on
the Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) data collected by staff of the
implementing Upazilas. This is the second volume of a series. The first
volume, covering Batch 1 trainees was published in June 2003. The study
aimed to assess the outcomes of FFP training in terms of knowledge and
adoption of recommended aquaculture practices, its impacts on production
and livelihoods, and the problems farmers face in applying the
The Batch 2 Fishery Villages comprise Fisheries Villages (FV) 7-18 in
each of the 211 Upazilas under FFP, with 25 trainees in each FV. The
trainees were inducted in mid-2001 and had completed one post-training
production cycle at the time of the study. The data were collected
during August-October 2003 by Upazila teams of DoF. Four FVs were
sampled from each Upazila (33% of the total FV), though not all Upazilas
returned usable data. Usable data were returned for 752 FVs (31% of the
FVs organised in Batch 2). In the surveyed FVs, 19.7% of trainees were
Annual incremental production is estimated to average 0.89 mt./ha. or
79%, which exceeds the FFP target of 50%. The incremental production of
female trainees was similar (0.86 mt./ha. or 79.6%) compared to male
trainees (0.89 mt./ha. or 78.8%). Incremental production of seasonal
ponds was better (1.00 mt./ha or 107.7%) compared to perennial ponds
(0.85 mt./ha or 73.3%). This indicates that the performance of
relatively less-wealthy trainees, who tend to have seasonal ponds, was
better. The production estimates exclude the once-only gain in stock
remaining at the end of the production cycle, estimated at 0.43 mt/ha.
Of the total output from the ponds of the surveyed farmers, on average
28% was used for family consumption. Consumption from female operated
ponds was much higher (39%) compared to that of male operated ponds
(27%), indicating that targeting women can give more security for
household nutrition as well as better performance in production.
Self-assessment of livelihood impacts by farmers showed that more than
60% of farmers had improved their position as measured by 7 indicators,
except increase of water area. Under 2% were worse off by any indicator.
The strongest positive impacts were on fish production (88% of farmers),
fish consumption (85%), increased use of time for aquaculture (80%) and
The FFP target of 40% of farmers fully knowing and applying recommended
practices was exceeded. More than 50% of the trained farmers had correct
knowledge and had fully applied the training messages at their
aquaculture sites. About 25% had correct knowledge but had only
partially applied it; while more than 15% had some knowledge but had not
applied it at all. The remaining trained farmers had no knowledge, nor
did they apply any of the training messages.
The main areas of farmers' concerns were the financial cost of carrying
on aquaculture, and the availability of fingerlings of the required
species, size and quality. The sincerity of the financial concerns,
which were expressed by 73% of all sample villages is dubious in many
cases, especially since the Batch 2 trainees were not selected with a
specific poverty focus; they therefore represent a relatively affluent
socio-economic stratum (sample surveys shows that more than 50% of
trainees’ landholdings was above 150 dec. or 0.60 ha.). The concerns
about supply and quality of fingerlings, which were expressed in 40 per
cent of all villages, merit the serious attention of DoF.
In conclusion, the study indicates that, for Batch 2, FFP had achieved
its technology adoption and incremental production targets. The FFP
gender goal of 25% women trainees was not achieved (it was 19.7% in the
surveyed FVs of Batch 2), but women who did participate achieved better
results than men. The implication is that the sectoral gains from
engaging women in aquaculture are potentially large, but projects and
programmes need to take a pro-active stance on involving them. The study
methodology does not permit any conclusions on the degree to which the
FFP poverty target was achieved, or on sustainability of the gains in
technology adoption and fish production. More detailed studies in the
last quarter of 2004 will address these issues.
Daplyn, M.; Niaz Ahmed Apu; Shameem Ahmad, S. A. Fourth Fisheries Project. PRA Impact Study on Batch 2 Fisheries Villages of the Aquaculture Extension and Training Component. Volume - 2. Fourth Fisheries Project, Department of Fisheries, Dhaka, Bangladesh (2004) 34 pp.
Fourth Fisheries Project. PRA Impact Study on Batch 2 Fisheries Villages of the Aquaculture Extension and Training Component. Volume - 2.