This project aimed to test for the effects of foreign direct investment (FDI) on poverty in two different ways in a number of countries in East Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. The study had two key objectives: (1) to identify the impact of FDI on earnings and employment of unskilled labour. Only if FDI tends to benefit unskilled labour will it contribute directly to reducing poverty in developing countries; (2) to identify the impact of FDI on individual earnings. This will also help identify if there is any consistent relationship between FDI and earnings by skill group. This final report outlines the project's background and objectives, methodology, findings and their dissemination.