The presence of flavonoids, such as tricin, acacetin, 3, 4 Di-OMe luteolin, and 4-OMe tricin, indicate the chemopreventive efficacy of pearl millet. They may be inversely related to mortality from coronary heart disease and to the incidence of heart attacks in the pearl millet consuming belts of the world.
Nambiar, V.S.; Sareen, N.; Daniel, M.; Gallego, E.B. Flavonoids and phenolic acids from pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) based foods and their functional implications. Functional Foods in Health and Disease (2012) 2 (7) 251-280.