This scoping study was prepared to provide evidence in support of the
Science for Humanitarian Emergencies and Resilience (SHEAR) research
programme on risk assessments and early warning systems. The main focus
of the programme is on weather-related hazards (e.g. cyclones, floods,
droughts, landslides) for humanitarian and development purposes in
low-income countries across Africa, the Caribbean and South Asia. The
study was based on:
- Stakeholder surveys aimed at practitioners, and researchers, working
in the three regions
- A UK workshop together a series of small international meetings and a
number of one-to-one interviews
- A comprehensive literature review
- A number of case studies on community based risk assessment and early
- A desk study on relevant initiatives, gaps and needs in the Caribbean
The report is structured in three main parts:
- Part 1 provides an introduction to the project and current progress on
the United Nation International Strategy for Disaster Reduction’s
(UNISDR) Hyogo Framework for Action.
- Part 2 presents an assessment of the effectiveness of risk assessments
and early warning systems based on user surveys and interviews with
individual sections on Africa, the Caribbean and South Asia.
- Part 3 provides a synthesis of evidence from the surveys, literature
reviews and project workshops; it identifies the main barriers to
effective risk assessments and early warning systems, research gaps
and main conclusions of the study.
This report is accompanied by seven standalone Annexes as follows:
This report has been produced by HR Wallingford Ltd for Evidence on
Demand with the assistance of the UK Department for International
Development (DFID) contracted through the Climate, Environment,
Infrastructure and Livelihoods Professional Evidence and Applied
Knowledge Services (CEIL PEAKS) programme, jointly managed by HTSPE
Limited and IMC Worldwide Limited.
Lumbroso, D.; Rance, J.; Pearce, G.; Wade, S. Final report: Science for Humanitarian Emergencies and Resilience (SHEAR) scoping study. Evidence on Demand, UK (2014) vi + 90 pp. [DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12774/eod_cr.june2014.lumbrosoetal]