The review examines academic articles and evaluations published between 2010 and 2015. It found that there is no consensus on the impacts of either international peace operations or community level peacebuilding on armed violence prevention or mitigation – positive and negative impacts on armed violence were found in both cases.
Overall, the evidence base for ‘what works’ is fragmented and weak. Only a small number of articles contribute towards a ‘body of literature’ on similar types of intervention, and only a small minority of this research is high quality.
Cramer, C.; Goodhand, J. ; Morris, R. Evidence Synthesis: What interventions have been effective in preventing or mitigating armed violence in developing and middle-income countries? DFID, London, UK (2016), iv, 82p