Though internationally recommended, provider initiated HIV testing and
counseling (PITC) of persons suspected of tuberculosis (TB) is not a
policy in India; HIV seroprevalence among TB suspects has never been
reported. The current policy of PITC for diagnosed TB cases may limit
opportunities of early HIV diagnosis and treatment. The authors
determined HIV seroprevalence among persons suspected of TB and assessed
feasibility and effectiveness of PITC implementation at this earlier
stage in the TB diagnostic pathway.
All adults examined for diagnostic sputum microscopy (TB suspects) in
Vizianagaram district (population 2.5 million), in November-December
2010, were offered voluntary HIV counseling and testing (VCT) and
assessed for TB diagnosis.
Achanta, S.; Kumar, AM.; Nagaraja, SB.; Jaju, J.; Shamrao, SR.; Uppaluri, R.; Tekumalla, RR.; Gupta, D.; Kumar, A.; Satyanarayana, S.; Dewan, PK. Feasibility and Effectiveness of Provider Initiated HIV Testing and Counseling of TB Suspects in Vizianagaram District, South India. PLoS ONE (2012) 7 (7) e41378. [DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0041378]
Feasibility and Effectiveness of Provider Initiated HIV Testing and Counseling of TB Suspects in Vizianagaram District, South India.