In sub-Saharan Africa, the etiology of anemia in early childhood is complex and multifactorial. Three community-based cross-sectional surveys were used to determine the prevalence and severity of anemia. Regression methods were used to compare mean hemoglobin (Hb) concentrations across covariate levels to identify children at risk of low Hb levels in an area with intense malaria transmission. In a random sample of 2,774 children
Desai, M.R.; Terlouw, D.J.; Kwena, A.M.; Phillips-Howard, P.A.; Kariuki, S.K.; Wannemuehler, K.A.; Odhacha, A.; Hawley, W.A.; Shi, Y.P.; Nahlen, B.L.; Kuile, F.O. ter. Factors associated with hemoglobin concentrations in pre-school children in Western Kenya: cross-sectional studies. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (2005) 72 (1) 47-59.