The objectives of this project were:
1) predict the impact of GM on output growth, employment, wages, food prices and livelihoods, according to factor endowments and agro-climatic zones
2) assess the overall impacts on labour incomes and finally on poverty reduction
3) inform the policy process by providing national and provincial agriculture departments and national agricultural research services with the options available and likely outcomes of GM adoption.
This report details work towards these objectives. A summary in plain English is also attached.
Full Research Report ESRC End of Award Report, RES-167-25-0187. Swindon: ESRC. 14 pp.