The impact of predation on Helicoverpa armigera was studied in four field cage exclusion trials on cotton in Kenya. H. armigera egg cohorts were introduced inside predator free and open control cages, and the impact of local predator populations on the cohort was examined. Fourteen days after inoculation, exclusion cages had four times more larvae than controls, indicating a strong impact of predation. Ants and Anthocoridae were the predominant predator groups. Exclusion cages had more damaged fruiting plant parts (squares, flowers and bolls) than the control. In the absence of predators, natural mortality of H. armigera was greater as cotton matured, and is likely to be linked to the host plant condition.
Van den Berg, H.; Cock, M.J.W. . Exclusion cage studies on the impact of predation on Helicoverpa armigera in cotton. Biocontrol Science and Technology (1993) 3 (4) 491-497. [DOI: 10.1080/09583159309355304]