WaterAid has initiated a study to evaluate the effectiveness of public financing for sustainable household sanitation in the rural areas of the state of Bihar (India). This case study is focused on the implementation of the Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) in Bihar between 2000 and 2010. The research for this case study was carried out in early 2010 and results presented here are valid up to that point in time. Since the study was carried out, the TSC was adapted and renamed Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA), a change that was initiated in April 2012. New guidelines were provided for the allocation of public funds to sanitation activities as part of the change. Although this study is not able to assess the impact of these new guidelines, significant departures from TSC policies that have been implemented since 2012 are mentioned when relevant.
Trémolet, S.; Binder, D. Evaluating the effectiveness of public finance for household sanitation in the state of Bihar, India. (2013) 31 pp.