This paper reviews experiences in the United States, France and Austria surrounding the evaluation of environmental risks associated with the large-scale release of genetically engineered Bt maize. It then attempts to draw lessons that may serve to inform the regulatory debate in countries where similar crops may be introduced in the future, specifically taking Kenya, where Bt maize is currently under development, as a case-study. In this respect it outlines the agro-ecological and socio-economic contexts into which Bt maize would be introduced, describes the studies currently under way to evaluate the environmental risks of Bt maize in the African context, and identifies some of the challenges associated with the environmental release of this transgenic staple crop.
Paper prepared for the Workshop on Globalisation and Governance of Biotechnology,with special reference to Kenya,Intercontinental Hotel, Nairobi, 28th November 2002. 31 pp.