The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) – offering up to 100 days work each year to rural Indians – is the largest social protection programme in the world, in terms of the number of households covered. But outcomes vary greatly between states. To investigated these differences, researchers studied MGNREGA implementation in 10 states: Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal. They explored the relation between implementation mechanisms and outcomes in terms of jobs generated.
Rabi Thapa. ESID Briefing No. 1: Success and failure in MGNREGA implementation in India. Effective States and Inclusive Development Research Centre (ESID), University of Manchester, Manchester, UK (2014) 4 pp.